The study of their findings has allowed delve into the history of Ibiza, besides being a key to study the Phoenician and Punic culture worldwide point
A late seventh century B.C., the Phoenicians settled in the Puig de Vila and around and founded a settlement in the Bay of Ibiza which formed the original core of the city. That's when the bottom of the Puig des Molins began to be used as a necropolis. Currently, it is the most important of the western Mediterranean for its diversity of graves, their size and excellent state of preservation and, in fact, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1999. And the study of their findings has allowed delve into the history of Ibiza, besides being a key to study the Phoenician and Punic culture worldwide point.
Thus, the Phoenicians founded the necropolis in the seventh century B.C., who were accustomed to bury their dead near his village enclave. Thus, on the Puig de Vila city of the living and about 500 meters swirled and separated by a valley city of the dead it stood. Since that time, the hill became the cemetery of the village for centuries. In this enclave last funeral rites were performed and 3,000 houses má tombs carved in rock, and the place owes its name to the flour mills that since the fifteenth century, crowning the top of the mountain. The truth is that over the years, many of the graves were filled with soil and used by farmers to plant olive trees.
In fact, some of these trees has ... about 400 years! In addition, near the necropolis is the Archaeological Museum of Puig des Molins, where valuable Phoenician and Punic remains and the pantheon of Tanit, Baal Hamon and Eshmum gods are preserved, all linked to love and fertility. The bust of the goddess Tanit is the most important and representative: it was the Carthaginian goddess mother who in ancient sacrifices were offered to overcome adversity. Today remains a symbol for artists and many believers in their positive influences.
HOW TO GET The entrance to the Necropolis is carried out by the Archaeological Museum of Puig des Molins, located on Via Romana. This street is parallel to the Avenue d'Espanya
SCHEDULE Winter hours (from October 1 to March 31): Tuesday to Saturday, from 9.30 to 15 pm and Sunday from 10 to 14. Mondays and holidays, closed. Summer (from April 1 to September 30): Tuesday to Saturday, 10 to 14 and from 18.30 to 21, and Sunday, 10 to 14. Admission: € 2.40 (reduced for children under 12 years and over 65